Links and Documents

Links to sites or larger documents of interest (green italics) are listed below from time to time.  If you wish to add an entry, contact us.  We will add the entry to this page for you.

Click on the index item to go directly to that article:

Official Statement: Support for communities affected by bushfire and drought

A statement from the Royal Agricultural Society of NSW

View Statement

Link to the Government Bush Fire assistance page

Below is the link the NSW Department of Primary Industries bush fire assistance page. The government assistance for fodder includes sugar for beekeepers.

Bush Fire Assistance 

Small hive beetle response to red light

We have all seen small hive beetles (Aethina tumida) scurry away from the frame tops and move down into the darker regions when opening a Langstroth bee hive. It is generally assumed that they are moving away from the introduced sunlight. A similar response is seen if we remove a super full of bees and place it on an upturned cover. The SHB tend to move down in the super and congregate in dark corners in the cover and among the frames.

A number of experiments were carried out to see what response the SHB had to red light as a possible method of control. Tests were also carried out looking at the internal heating effects of acrylic hive covers.

The conclusion from these experiments : It is doubtful that using red light mechanisms to control SHB is going to be effective but these results are not conclusive. Other studies do seem to agree with these findings.

Full report

Sugar Shaking


It’s a surveillance method to detect external parasites such as Varroa, Tropilaelaps mites and Braula fly. It is quick and simple – and does not kill the bees being sampled. The process of shaking bees in fine sugar dislodges the parasites’ so they can be collected and examined.

To find out more including instructions on making your own sugar shake test jar, go to the ABA site sugar shake page.

Extracting Honey From A Flow Hive

A practical step by step guide by one of our members. Flow hive extraction

Asian Honey Bee manual

A useful resource for the identification and general knowledge of the Asian Honey Bee.  Asian Honey Bee manual.

Bee Biosecurity Video Series

“The series of 12 videos covers a broad range of topics including honey bee biosecurity and surveillance programs, a hypothetical varroa incursion in Australia and what it might mean for beekeepers and crop producers, information about the life cycle of varroa and hive inspections, and ways in which varroa can be controlled if it enters and becomes established in Australia.”

These videos available from either:

Biosecurity YouTube channel

BeeAware website under ‘Videos’

Langstroth Bee Hive Temperature Variations

This is a set of internal temperature measurements from one of the club members made over different periods during summer and winter together with associated notes, observations and comments.  Any comments or suggestions welcome by email.

Langstroth hive temperature variations (pdf)

Bee disease diagnosis and reporting

These NSW DPI (Australia) pages will help lead you in the right direction if you suspect or know you have a problem with your hive, especially American Foulbrood diagnosis and reporting.  Also included are beekeeper registration requirements.

Pests and Diseases of Honey Bees

Samples for Bee Diagnosis

Samples for bee diagnosis Primefact

American Foulbrood Traceback Beekeepers Report form

Beekeeper Registration

A new form (June 2016) for submitting a sample for EFB, AFB, or nosema diagnosis to the Elizabeth Macarthur Ag Institute. Also attached is one partially filled in as an example. No need to have a PIC and the only box necessary to tick in the “Reason for testing” section is “Exotic/notifiable” considering AFB’s status as a notifiable disease.

Planting and Creating habitat to Attract all Bees

“Gardeners can choose a wide variety of plants to attract and support bees. Some plants provide valuable supplies of nectar and pollen for the bees whilst others assist the bees with their nest building.”  An excellent information document by Valley Bees 


I try to put links to sites (including overseas) that I find may be interesting or give valuable insights to others, especially beginners.  This is one of them – Beepedia

Pests and Disease of Honey Bees

Online Course is being offered by Tocal College NSW 

“Learn how to identify and manage pests and diseases to improve the health and profitability of your colonies” – Course link

The NSW Department of Primary Industries

Tocal Agricultural College’s most current eBook catalogue includes the NSW DPI publications “Healthy Bees” and “Bee AgSkills” in iBook and ePUB format for iPads and Tablets respectively.

These publications are also sold in hard copy through the DPI bookstore.

The following link guides you to the Tocal College Channel on YouTube. There are a selection of videos delivered by Dr. Doug Somerville (Technical Specialist Honey Bees) or Nick Annand (Development Officer Honey Bees) on various honey bee topics:  “Videos

Great Bee Site (magnificent photography and discussion)

“Bees and flowers are indissociable and their bond has led to the coevolution and the diversity of species that we know today. Since the beginning of time, bees have interested humans, and this ancestral link, which goes back to the Paleolithic period, can be found in all cultures in the world. Honey is described as the food of gods, a source of intoxication, but also as a medicine for people and animals. However, it is through pollination that the bees’ contribute to natural ecosystems and agriculture. 40% of the world’s food production depends on pollination.”  – The honey gatherers – Eric Tourneret

Bee anatomy

This website’s purpose is to encourage interest in the study of bee anatomy. Knowing how bees function requires a knowledge of the arrangement of the internal organ systems. We need to know how they function to understand issues of disease, nutrition, lifespan, aggression, survival, breeding and productivity.

Another is this site discussing the Internal anatomy of honeybees.

Although this work is a century old it is still one of the best descriptions of honey bee anatomy available.


BeeAware is a hub of information for beekeepers and growers about honey bee biosecurity and pollination of agricultural and horticultural crops.

The site contains an extensive range of information about exotic and established pests and diseases of honey bees, and helps beekeepers to identify and respond to these pest threats. It also contains information about the pollination of crops and how beekeepers and growers can work together to provide and receive best practice pollination services.

Bee Friendly

“a planting guide for European honeybees and Australian native pollinators”

This freely available and excellent document published by the  “Commonwealth of Australia, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation”.  Acknowledgement is made of the copyright of this document but the publishers also state that “The information contained in this publication is intended for general use to assist public knowledge and discussion and to help improve the development of sustainable regions” and that “wide dissemination is encouraged”.  We trust that placing this document on this site for convenient and topical access by the club members in particular will be in the spirit of these intentions.

Honey Bee Suite

Just a link to an interesting bee site I found – but full of good info..  honeybeesuite

The Warre Hive

For those interested in alternate bee hive design,  this copy of the book by Abbe Warre and associated design plan makes interesting reading.   Even if you do not plan to experiment with this hive design (and it could be modified to suit our removable frames),  there is a wealth of general beekeeping information.

Here is also a link to a site dedicated to beekeeping using the hive developed by Abbé Émile Warré

Bee Keeping for all

Warre Hive Plans

Intimate Portraits of Bees

Although these are not the bees we have,  these images are well worth a look. The link is to a National Geographic site and shows some remarkable shots of North American bees.

“Researchers take advantage of photography technology developed by the U.S. Army to capture beautiful portraits of bees native to North America”

The Beautiful Bee

Backyard Beekeeping 1958 – by Colonel G.H. Pulling

This a copy of a 1958 article written by Colonel Pulling of the “Amateur Beekeepers Association of NSW Colonel Pulling Competition” fame.  The article was found by one of our members recently and reproduced here in PDF format for all.

Your PDF viewer should allow zooming in if necessary, and printing of the article.

Backyard Beekeeping 1958 style.

Honey Extracting, Amateur style – a whole lot of ‘sticky’ fun!

With kind permission from the Author (Robyn Alderton) and the publishers of “The Australian Beekeeper” publication,  this is good Amateur Beekeeping information – a must read !  – Extracting, Amateur style

Raw Honey – Healing and Beauty Benefits 

There is any amount of anecdotal and factual evidence around showing the natural wide health benefits of unprocessed honey- this short article is but one.

Honeybees – new applications in environmental monitoring

A research background paper by Danielle Lloyd-Prichard (project officer),
The Tom Farrell Institute For The Environment,
University of Newcastle,
University Dr,

Stingless (native) Bees

For those who may be interested in Australian native beekeeping,  this site may be a good start.  Tim Heard (CSIRO) also runs “workshops on stingless bees”.

Generally the workshops are a mix of a photographic slideshow showing the
biology of the bees with a practical session on keeping them. Tim
demonstrates how to split hives and extract honey, and use the bees for
pollinating your garden.

Honey Mead Recipe

This site was badly missing a Honey Mead recipe – so here it is.   Happy brewing.

Beginning in Bees (beginners notes)

Available is a version of a set of notes that were handed out when the club ran beginners classes.  These notes have been re edited by club member Zan Menzel.   The notes are provided in three formats – the PDF version will be ok for most PC’s, the iPad and Kindle Ebook versions will require a free application download from the links below.  Ebooks are easier to read on PC,s but do require the suitable free application to read them.

Your browser should download the notes if you click on the appropriate link :-

PDF format suitable for most PC’s  Beginning in Bees (PDF)

Ipad and Iphone version:   Beginning in Bees (iPad).  

Constructive Beekeeping

The following is a copy of a book called “Constructive Beekeeping” by ED H. Clarke from the Cornell University Library.  It gives an interesting perspective about bee hive ventilation and condensation which may interest members.  The book has been converted from the “kindle” version and contains a few text and format errors but is very readable.

Constructive beekeeping (pdf)

A number of documents by Jim Wright

Copies of short documents by Jim.

1. Bee Stings

The toxic effects and allergy associated with bee stings.    bee stings

 2. Finding The Queen

Finding the elusive queen.     finding the queen

 3. Collecting Swarms

Always a challenge.     collecting swarms

4. About Bees

A series of articles written by Jim and appearing in the “Land – Farming Small Areas” and published here with the kind permission of the Editor.    About Bees

5. Bee Communication

Beekeepers know that exposing honey outdoors in the vicinity of hives soon attracts bees in ever increasing numbers, eager to lap up this easy source of food and take it back to the nest.

  Bee communication

6. Bee Navigation

Ever wondered how bees find their way to that patch of clover and then unerringly wing their way back home?    Bee navigation

7. Beeswax

Beeswax has been used by mankind since antiquity.    Beeswax

8. Crisis Time for Honeybees

“The general concern in the community about disappearing bees is well jusIfied. Indeed, it is world-? wide and most relevant in the northern hemisphere where dwindling bee populaIons are causing more pressing problems than we are experiencing here. And well might the community be concerned, for more than half the world’s major food crops depend on the European honeybee, Apis mellifera for pollinaIon and the slogan “pollinate or perish” is not an idle one. It has been said, allegedly originally by Albert Einstein, that humankind would not survive more than a few years without the honeybee”  Full artiicle

A.B.A Advice to New beekeepers.

If you are new to keeping bees, these notes may help you get started by answering some important questions before you start.      Beginners

Honeybee Memory

“This study demonstrates that the bee with a tiny brain possesses a sophisticated memory, and is able to remember tasks within a temporal context. Honey bees can thus ‘plan’ their activities in time and space, and use context to determine which action to perform and when. ”

A honey bee knows what to do and when.

Langstroth on the hive and the honey bee

A beekeepers manual.      Hive and the honey bee

Langstroth hive plans

  1. General hive plans     plans
  2. Slatted bottom board addition     slatted bottom board
  3. So what is a “slatted bottom board”  then ??

Honey Bees Pests and Diseases

For information on various pests and diseases,  this link is provided to take you to the NSW Primary Industries website where there are 9 videos on this subject.    Video list